The present and third issue of the JPIL follows the same principle as the previous two issues. The contributions are unsolicited. So it is not a matter of editorial design that they are in fact very closely related. All of the articles contribute to reflection on the difficulties which the concept of the state presents as effectively the sole origin of legal normativity even now at the beginning of the 21st century. Without the consent of the body of states no new international law can arise. Even more importantly, and this is the essence of the first three articles, against the will of the state it is legally virtually inconceivable that any norm should become binding upon it against its wishes.