A Socio-Legal Review of the Protection of Orphans in the State of Jammu and Kashmir
Shabina Arfat and Mehraj-Ud-Din Mir
Children represent the most important segment of the society but at the same time is the most vulnerable too. This is more so when the child is an orphan or destitute as a result of conflict situation. According to UNICEF a large number of orphans exist in the state of Jammu & Kashmir due to the turmoil for the last more than two decades. Analysis reveals that unacceptably large numbers of children are still not being provided the requisite care and protection. One of the only few options available for the rehabilitation of orphans in Kashmir Division is orphanage rearing. The paper deals with orphans of the Kashmir Division as the victims of conflict. The existing protection measures applicable to the children especially orphans is analyzed, effort of the Government as well as non-governmental organizations in protecting the rights of such children and lacunae in the framework have been evaluated. The article explores some of the theoretical perspectives on orphans, followed by the empirical findings on the issue in Kashmir Division.