MJIEL Vol 15 Iss 3 2018 - Article 1

SPS Requirements and Their Impact on the Bangladeshi Shrimp Industry:
Addressing the Potential for Inequity and Discrimination
Shawkat Alam & Saif Uddin Ahammad
 
ABSTRACT: Shrimp export is one of the most important exchange earning commodities for Bangladesh, yet faces considerable market access barriers to developed countries. These barriers constrain Bangladesh’s ability to pursue economic development and increase its competitive strength in world trade. This article examines aspects of both the domestic legal framework, as well as the international trade regime, which prevent Bangladesh from securing market access for its lucrative shrimp industry. Specifically, this study will examine the implementation challenges of the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) requirements under the SPS Agreement with respect to shrimp exports from Bangladesh. This study recommends that Bangladesh improve the capacity of its relevant institutional and legal framework so that its SPS measures comply with the SPS Agreement with a view to enhancing its competitiveness in exports including shrimp exports to developed countries. Measures are also suggested with respect to reforming the existing provisions of the SPS Agreement with a view to facilitating greater access to global markets for a least developed country, like Bangladesh.

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