SOCIAL JUSTICE: A COVETED COMPONENT OF SOCIO-LEGAL SYSTEM OF PAKISTAN IN THEORETICAL AND ANALYTIC CONTEXT
Dr. Naveed Ahmed
The purpose of this article is to outline the theoretical and analytic framework of social justice in Pakistan. The theory is based on the concept of ‘Social Justice’ as represented in the works of Amartya Sen. His knowledge on social justice is immense and persists several epochs. For the purpose of this article however, eminence is placed on the idea of human capabilities which is one of the significant constituents of Sen’s social justice notion.1 Sen contends that inequality discourages the healthy economic activities that can shatter development processes. To avoid this, Sen suggests the need for political freedom which guarantees economic development and good governance especially in developing countries. He notes that:
Development requires the removal of major sources of un-freedom: poverty as well as tyranny, poor economic opportunities as well as systematic social deprivation, neglect of public facilities as well as intolerance or over-activity of repressive states….Sometimes lack of substantive freedoms relates directly to economic poverty, which robs people of the freedom to satisfy hunger.